Wisdom Teeth Extraction 101: Everything You Need to Know
Our permanent teeth begin to erupt at age six or seven and continue until 12 years. However, the four molars (wisdom teeth) they emerge between 17 and 25 years. A majority of the adult population have their wisdom teeth. But, some don’t have them due to genetics and other factors.
Wisdom teeth are great for your dentine if they are aligned and emerge properly. But, more often than not, most people have them removed for various reasons.
Wisdom teeth extraction has soon become a regular dental procedure in many dental clinics, including Padron Dental.
Why is Wisdom Teeth Extraction Performed?
Not all wisdom teeth are extracted. If your teeth have appropriately emerged and are aligned, causing no dental problem, you may not need an extraction. However, there are times when wisdom teeth may need to be removed:
- Impacted wisdom teeth. Most people, because of the positioning of the wisdom teeth, may have the wisdom teeth impacted and entrapped beneath the gum line. Impacted teeth can cause excruciating pain. But more than that, they also weaken your dental structure and therefore need to be removed.
- Partially erupted wisdom teeth. When you don’t have enough jaw space, the wisdom teeth may not emerge fully. Partially emerged wisdom teeth give room for bacteria to fester and cause dental decay.
Other reasons for extraction include:
- Presence of cysts around your wisdom teeth. When the teeth erupt, they may develop cysts. If not removed, these cysts will spread to the jaw and cause nerve damage
- Sinus pain due to pressure and congestion
- Wisdom teeth affect the surrounding teeth by pushing them, thereby causing pain and bite problems
What to Expect During the Wisdom Teeth Removal?
The dentist will assess your dental health and determine if you need wisdom teeth removal or not. Next, they will take you through the procedure, highlighting all the steps involved and risks, if any.
Local anesthesia is used to numb the gums. However, sedation anesthesia may also be used to relax and make the procedure bearable. There are four types of sedation, but for impacted wisdom teeth removal, oral, IV, and general sedation are ideal because they are effective.
The dentist will then follow these steps:
- Cut the gum to expose the tooth and remove the bone that blocks the tooth
- Divide the affect teeth into pieces for easy removal
- After removing the teeth, clean off the site of any debris
- Stitch the gums to facilitate healing. Most times these stitches will dissolve on their own
- Gauze is placed on the socket to control bleeding and help with blood clotting. A blood clot will help to facilitate the healing of the wound.
What to Expect After the Wisdom Teeth Extraction?
You may feel pain as the anesthesia begins to wear off. Additionally, you will experience:
- Bleeding in the first day
- Swelling and bruising
- Pain that can be managed with pain relievers
To manage the discomfort and hasten the healing process, follow the doctor’s instructions:
- Use ice packs to relieve swelling
- Minimize activity in the first 48 hours
- Avoiding spitting too hard and don’t drink using a straw
- Eat soft foods
- Don’t brush or rinse your teeth in the first 24 hours
- Avoid smoking as it may impair the healing process
Wisdom teeth extraction may take about four to seven days for your gum to start healing.
Are There Any Side Effects?
Wisdom teeth extraction is a safe procedure, but at times, risks may develop, such as a dry socket, damage to the surrounding nerves and tissues, and infection of the bacteria.
If you notice any of these dental problems, call the dentist immediately for proper treatment. Also, reach to our dentist if you develop:
- Excessive bleeding
- Pus from the socket
- Severe pain
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Swelling that doesn’t clear after three days
- Nasal blood discharge
Schedule an Appointment
Visit Padron Dental if you have jaw pain or your wisdom teeth have begun to emerge. The dentist will assess and determine if wisdom teeth removal is needed or not.