What are Dental Crowns?

A dental crown at Padron Dental is like a cap and is a common restoration created to cover and protect a damaged natural tooth. A dental crown will strengthen the tooth, improve its functionality, appearance, and even the bite alignment in your mouth. If you have a damaged or weakened tooth, your dentist may recommend protecting the natural tooth with a dental crown. Depending on your personal situation, varied materials are available for the dental crown to restore the tooth.

Some Causes to Get a Dental Crown

You can benefit from a dental crown for a variety of reasons. Here are a few frequent reasons:

  • To restore a broken tooth, a chipped, cracked or a worn-down tooth.
  • To cover a discolored or misshapen tooth.
  • To protect a weaken tooth from decay.
  • To support and strengthen a tooth with a large filling.
  • To improve a cosmetic modification.
  • To stabilize and support a dental bridge in place.
  • To complete a new dental implant.

The Dental Crown Procedure

A dental crown placement usually requires two appointments.

At the first visit your dentist will discuss your dental crown options. The material choice might depend on factors like the crown’s location in your mouth, your bite, and gum tissue health. Then, they begin by removing a thin layer of the enamel surface of the tooth, so the crown has room to fit properly. Next an impression is made of your teeth, to serve as a guide, and sent to a dental lab where your permanent dental crown is custom fabricated. A temporary crown is placed to protect your tooth until your final crown is finished.

At the second visit your dentist will remove the temporary crown and then makes sure the final crown fits and is the right color before cementing it into place. Your permanent dental crown will function just as your natural tooth did.

The Different Types of Dental Crowns

Your dentist will walk you through the options and advise you on which material, or combination of materials, will work best for you and your situation.

  • Porcelain-Veneered Zirconia- This material is natural-looking, strong, and low in cost. The porcelain can be prone to chipping, which could aggravate the adjacent teeth.
  • Ceramic (porcelain crowns)- This material will match your natural teeth color the best to restore a healthy smile for a front tooth. It can also be prone to chipping and is susceptible to grinding teeth.
  • Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM)- This material option offers long-term durability, creates a secure bond to the tooth, and the metal framework provides added strength. The porcelain can also be prone to chipping.
  • IPS e.max (Lithium Disilicate)- This material does not require a porcelain veneer. It is not as strong or tough as the other materials and is most often limited to the back teeth.
  • Gold Alloy- The strongest of materials used along with base-metal alloy, it will not chip, fracture, or wear down any teeth. It is an expensive option with the copper and other metals blended into the gold alloy and will not look natural.
  • Base-Metal Alloy- Also a resilient material, it will not fracture, it is gentle on any adjacent teeth, it is resistant to corrosion, and it requires the smallest amount of natural tooth to be removed for a proper fit. It will also not look natural and will also be expensive. For your temporary dental crown, your dentist will use a resin crown.

Dental Crown Procedure