Periodontal treatment is a specialty in dentistry that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of periodontitis. The disease can be diagnosed by a general dentist, and even be treated by him/her. However, a dental practitioner that specializes in periodontal treatment is called a periodontist. Periodontists handle the advanced and complex cases of periodontitis.
What Is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is the disease of the gums caused by an accumulation of harmful bacteria in the mouth. Bacteria start build-up on the surfaces of teeth and settles at the bottom of the tooth, near the gum tissue. If left that way for a long time, the bacteria cause an infection in the gum tissue.
What Are The Stages Of Gum Disease?
If you are scheduling for periodontal treatment in Rockford, IL, then you need to know that there are different stages of periodontitis. The stages are:
- 1. Gingivitis – This is the initial stage of the disease. It begins when the gum tissue first gets and infection. For most patients that require gum disease treatment, they are never aware of the disease at this stage. Usually, the signs of the disease are minor and can be mistaken for other oral problems like mouth sores.
- 2. Periodontitis – This is the advanced stage of gum disease. The periodontitis also has early stages and late stages. The early stages manifest with inflammation of the gums, few mouth sores, as well as slight pain and discomfort. With time, the disease can become very critical. Periodontitis causes receding of the gums, creating large gum pockets that are unattractive. When this begins, other issues such as unstable teeth begin to occur. This critical stage can necessitate periodontal abscess treatment, particularly where the abscess has built up at the roots of teeth.
What Causes Gum Disease?
A dentist in Rockford, IL will tell you that gum disease results from different situations. However, the most common cause of the disease is poor oral hygiene. When you are not consistent and deliberate on brushing your teeth and flossing them every day, you create room for plaque to form in your mouth. In time, the plaque builds up and spreads the infection to your gum, tissue. Other risk factors for getting gum disease include:
- 1. Smoking
- 2. Tobacco usage – including chewing, snuffing and smoking
- 3. Excessive consumption of alcohol
- 4. Genetics
- 5. Medication
What Are The Symptoms of Periodontitis?
It is hard to identify gum disease at its very initial stages. The infection might even go away after a couple of days, or be suppressed with over-the-counter drugs. However, in advanced cases, you can detect gum disease based on some of the following symptoms:
- 1. Bleeding gums – if you encounter bleeding every time you brush your teeth, then you may have an infection in your gums. The mouth has a system for controlling bleeding. This means that if the bleeding continues, there is an infection that needs to be treated.
- 2. Bad breath – take note of your mouth odor. If the bad breath does not go away despite efforts to neutralize it, it could be gum disease.
- 3. Redness of the gums – the infection will irritate the gum tissue and cause it to be reddish
- 4. Mouth sores – some of the mouth sores on the gum tissue can have a lot to do with gum disease
- 5. Swelling – the inflammation of an infected area is a consequence of the body’s immune system response to the problem. If your gums feel fuller and swollen, then it could be gum disease.
- 6. Receding gums – if you wait too long with an infection, then receding of the gums is a consequence thereof. You can notice the changes if you think your teeth look bigger and longer than they usually are. Also, keep track of the pocket sizes that your gums form at the roots of teeth.
- 7. Pain when chewing – soon enough, the infection will make it uncomfortable for you to perform normal mouth activities. Chewing will be difficult because of the pain, not to mention, bleeding.
How Is Periodontitis Treated?
The treatment of periodontitis depends on the stage of infection and the complexity thereof. The more complex it is, the more drastic measures need to be taken. Treatment involves the following:
- 1. Teeth cleaning – to remove plaque build-up
- 2. Antibiotics – to suppress the infection and control it from spreading further
- 3. Frequent dental appointments – to check the progress of teeth
- 4. Gum grafting – to repair the receded gums
- 5. Changes in oral hygiene practices