Healing After Tooth Extraction

There are many things to keep in mind when considering the timeframe for healing following a rockford tooth extraction at padron dental. The more involved a tooth extraction procedure is, the longer it will take to heal, as larger wounds take more time to heal. If you’ve had a very large tooth, like a wisdom tooth, removed, you can reasonably assume that it will take considerably longer to heal than a baby tooth extraction would, for example. A patient’s individual ability to heal is also variable and is based on such characteristics as age, overall health, and personal habits; smoking has particularly detrimental effects on healing following tooth extraction, though other habits can increase the risk of complicating healing. If the patient has active gum disease at the time of the tooth extraction, or if there is any other infection present in the oral cavity, the healing process can be prolonged and may require auxiliary treatments.

During the first 24 hours of healing, a blood clot forms in the socket where the tooth was once rooted, initiating the healing process, and the wound stops bleeding. Discomfort at the extraction site will begin to subside as it heals, and the area near the socket may be tender or traumatized, with a visibly white appearance. The tissues around the site and the tissues of the face may appear swollen, and this swelling should begin to subside within 72 hours. Soft tissue around the extraction site begins to regenerate shortly after the extraction procedure, with new gum tissue usually beginning to form within 12 hours.

Within the first week following tooth extraction, the blood clot gradually becomes colonized with collagen-rich tissue, called granulation tissue. As this granulation tissue takes over the blood clot, it is colonized by mature stem cells, which gradually replace it. These stem cells diversify into bone tissue, soft tissue, and other cellular matter. Right after the tooth is extracted, the socket where it lived fills with blood, which begins to clot immediately. The blood clot usually occupies the entirety of the empty socket and rises to the same level as the surrounding gums. Blood clots are made of sticky blood platelets and both white and red blood cells, held together by a tough protein gel called fibrin gel. The blood platelets are responsible for initiating the generation of new tissue, and, following the tooth extraction, these platelets attract additional cells and begin to create new compounds that form and support the production of oral tissues. As the blood clot sits in the socket, it slowly forms new types of tissue when permeated by different types of cells and contributes to the healing process. When a blood clot is dislodged and a dry socket forms, all of these healing processes are interrupted and the result is painful and potentially destructive in the long term. Disrupting a new blood clot could also cause excessive bleeding in the mouth.’

For tooth extractions that are very simple, patients can often resume normal activities the day after the procedure, and in some cases, they may require only a few hours of recovery. More complicated extractions may necessitate a few days off from work, and certain factors, like overall health or age, could extend recovery time. Your dentist can give you the most accurate estimate of what you might expect following a tooth extraction, and you should feel free to ask all the questions you may have about any part of the procedure, including expectations for your healing process.

Emergency Tooth Extraction